Bolivia has three well-defined geographic zones — high plateau (altiplano), temperate and semitropical valleys of the eastern mountain slopes (yungas), and tropical lowlands (llanos) of … Among the thousands of different trees are Hevea brasiliensis (the most common rubber tree), Bertholletia excelsa (the source of Brazil nuts), and mahogany. The best time to visit the highland areas is April to October — this is the cooler winter period, but it should be dry with plenty of sunshine, with temperatures around the mid-teens. In the Valles region to the south there is a general covering of drought-resistant grasses, shrubs, and small trees, and in the southern foothill zone there is a strip of deciduous forest with such trees as the walnut and quebracho, the latter being a source of tannin and timber. Bolivia’s landscape. Climate Change Knowledge Portal. Occasional cold winds called surazos blow from the south, lowering temperatures abruptly. In Tarija, there is little rainfall throughout the year. Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America, bordering Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru. During the year there is little rainfall. Tarija, Cochabamba The west half of the country is dominated by the huge Andes mountains, with steep slopes and snow-capped peaks. The eastern lowlands include all of Bolivia north and east of the Andes. Tola (a tough, wind-resistant shrub) and mosslike cushions of yareta, both widely used for fuel, are well distributed, along with cactus scrub. Formation of Liberal and Conservative parties, The rise of new political groups and the Bolivian National Revolution. On the low plains of the Oriente the climate is hot, averaging 73 to 77 °F (23 to 25 °C) or higher in the south and up to 80 °F (27 °C) in the north. Read more about Bolivia geography on our Bolivia maps page. This location is classified as BSk by Köppen and Geiger. Near Mount Sajama, at an elevation of 14,000 feet (4,300 metres), one of the highest forests of khena trees has survived. The summers are warm, humid in the east and dry in the west, with rains that often modify temperatures, humidity, winds, atmospheric pressureand evaporation, giving place to very different climates. Thus the climate is also very diverse. Part of Beni suffers from extensive flooding beginning in March or April, toward the end of the summer rainy season. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for La Paz, La Paz, Bolivia. Huge expanses of the southern Altiplano are saline and barren, but ichu (a coarse bunchgrass) is common in the north, where it is grazed by llamas. In the north, however, Lake Titicaca has an important moderating influence, and in bright sunshine winter temperatures may reach as high as 70 °F (21 °C). Average temperatures range between 45 and 52 °F (7 and 11 °C) during the day, occasionally reaching as high as 60 °F (16 °C), but temperatures at night are much colder and fall below freezing during the winter. The highest point in Bolivia is the Nevado Sajama with 6542 m/ 21463 ft. Oruro Although comprising over two-thirds of the national territory, the region is sparsely populated and, until recently, has played a minor role in the economy. During the year there is little rainfall. At lower elevations in the Oriente, vegetation is strongly controlled by the degree of waterlogging that occurs and by the length of the dry season. Bolivia lies in the Southern Hemisphere, albeit at tropical latitudes, so its seasons are reversed in comparison with the Northern Hemisphere. The best time and weather to travel to Bolivia 2020. El Alto According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as BSk. Characteristic trees include the green pine, aliso (a shrublike tree), laurel, cedar, tarco (a shade tree producing masses of yellow-white flowers), and saúco (which yields fruit used to make medicinal syrups). Precipitation here is about 556 mm | 21.9 inch per year. Tarija Western Bolivia is generally colder due its high altitude - similar to the Andes highlands. Previously only Spanish, Aymara, and Quechua were official languages of the country. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. The Geography of Bolivia Total Size: 1,098,580 square km Size Comparison: slightly less than three times the size of Montana Geographical Coordinates: 17 00 S, 65 00 W World Region or Continent: South America General Terrain: rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin Geographical Low Point: Rio Paraguay 90 m Potosí Santa Cruz Cochabamba Further south in the region of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, the climat… The Yungas region of the Andean foothills is clad in luxuriant mountain rainforest that includes an enormous variety of tropical hardwoods, dyewoods, medicinal and aromatic plants, and fruit trees. Bolivia is among the nations least responsible for climate change—in 2010, it released about 13 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions … Differences in topography and climate separate the lowlands into three areas. Located at 4,090 m height. The rains make the countryside look green and facilitate the growt… In the 17th century was one of the largest and richest cities in the world, numerous very ornate and interesting structures were built … Weather in Bolivia. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is BSk. The lowlands experience heavy rains that cause floods. They are laden with sand, high humidity, and dust and last for a few days. Totora reeds, which grow on the shores of Lake Titicaca, are used for thatching, feeding livestock, and making the Indian boats called balsas. Potosí Date: 20 February 2016: Source: Derived from World Köppen Classification (with authors).svg. In Bolivia, the climate is very varied, temperatures depend on the area where you are, in the Highlands comprised of La Paz, Oruro and Potosí climate is cold, in the Llanos comprised of Cochabamba, Sucre and Tarija climate is warm and tropical comprised of Santa Cruz, Beni and Pando climate … The area becomes muddy with the floods resulting in increased humidity, heat and mosquitoes. San José de Chiquitos Annual Weather Averages in Tarija. Santa Cruz de la Sierra By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In Tiquipaya, the average annual temperature is 17.0 °C | 62.6 °F. The climate of Bolivia Bolivia is a country centrally situated in South-America. When th… There are three natural zones: The Costa region, which contains Lima (the capital), is a narrow coastal plain consisting of large tracts of desert broken by fertile valleys. In the Andes, contrasts in temperature and rainfall depend more on elevation and cloud cover than on distance from the Equator, and cold winds sweep the Altiplano year-round. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. This location is classified as BSk by Köppen and Geiger. The cinchona, or quina tree, from which quinine is made, and the coca shrub, the source of cocaine, are also indigenous there. The climate here is classified as BSk by the Köppen-Geiger system. CLIMATES In general the climates in Bolivia are dictated mostly by altitude not latitude. The best time to visit Bolivia depends on where you go. Sort fact from fiction in this journey through Latin America. Peru Weather, climate and geography ... Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. It is characterized by a humid and warm climate in the eastern part of the country. The temperature here averages 8.0 °C | 46.4 °F. There are basically five separate climatic regions: The Andes and Altiplano, the Yungas and Chapare, the temperate valleys, the Chaco and […] Hi/Low, RealFeel®, precip, radar, & everything you need to be ready for the day, commute, and weekend! Oruro Today’s and tonight’s La Paz, La Paz, Bolivia weather forecast, weather conditions and Doppler radar from The Weather Channel and English: Bolivia map of Köppen climate classification. Many Indians, particularly in the cities, market towns, and new colonies, speak or understand Spanish. In stark contrast, clouds of moist air from the Oriente fill the valleys of the Yungas throughout the year, leaving the humid atmosphere rich with the smell of vegetation. In Cochabamba, there is little rainfall throughout the year. Did Chile gain its independence in 1818? In Cochabamba, there is little rainfall throughout the year. Bolivia is a landlocked nation located in west-central South America. [189510] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. Cattle raising and logging operations, many of them illegal, place an increasing strain on forested areas throughout the Yungas and the Oriente. Bolivia Weather Conditions Bermejo 71° Calacoto 49° Camiri 71° Cobija 70° Cochabamba 66° Colcapirhua 66° Concepcion 75° Cotoca 77° La Paz 46° Montero 78° … Sucre The average annual temperature is 17.7 °C | 63.9 °F in Tarija. Potosí – Potosí. The Valles have brighter conditions and less precipitation than the Yungas, as well as somewhat warmer temperatures. However, present-day Aymara associate themselves with the ancient civilization of the Tiwanaku culture which had its capital at Tiwanaku, in Western Bolivia. The rainfall here is around 394 mm | 15.5 inch per year. Bolivia’s rainy season starts from November to March. Precipitation, which ranges up to 53 inches (1,350 mm) annually, occurs throughout the year but is heaviest between December and February. Bolivia - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. However, the highlands experience minimal rain causing the days to become cloudy. In the Andes, contrasts in temperature and rainfall depend more on elevation and cloud cover than on distance from the Equator, and cold winds sweep the Altiplano year-round. The description under each title shows the dates of coverage of the publication, the parameters you can find in the data, and a list of the volumes that the Library holds … The Pacific Ocean lies to the west. Chuquisaca Regional Characteristics Differences in topography and climate separate Bolivia’s lowlands and highlands into distinct areas. La Paz has dry periods in May, June, July and August. The Bolivia Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 12 days. Although it is a country of climatic extremes, it can be visited all year round. The climate here is considered to be a local steppe climate. Bolivia's geography is defined by extremes, with a climate that varies with altitude from humid and tropical to cold and semiarid. The rainfall here is around 590 mm | 23.2 inch per year. Together with the neighbouring country of Paraguay Bolivia is the only country on the continent without a coastal line. Travel weather and climate description. Rurrenabaque. As observed on the physical map of Bolivia … Beni In Cochabamba, the average annual temperature is 17.0 °C | 62.7 °F. The climate in the eastern tropical low lands of Bolivia is hot and humid, the area of the country spans more than half of Bolivian territory. Large stretches of the Altiplano are planted in field crops. Bolivia has a temperate climate but temperatures can differ dramatically between day and night. Bolivia - Bolivia - Climate: Although Bolivia lies wholly within the tropics, it possesses every gradation of temperature from that of the equatorial lowlands to arctic cold. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. The mean annual temperatures vary between 60 and 68 °F (16 and 20 °C). Cloudless skies and remarkably clear air bring distant Andean peaks sharply into focus, providing beautiful vistas across the Altiplano. True Amazonian rainforest (selva amazónica) occurs only in the far north in the department of Pando and adjacent areas. The mean elevation is 1192 m/ 3910 ft. Bolivia Climatological Data The publications shown below contain climatological data for Bolivia. © / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors. Annual rainfall ranges from about 40 inches (1,000 mm) in the south to 70 inches (1,800 mm) or more in the far north, with a pronounced summer maximum. The climate in Potosí is referred to as a local steppe climate. Whole year UV Index table for Bolivia ☀ Water Temperature in localities in Bolivia Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Bolivia ☃ Long-term 30 day weather forecast for Bolivia ☔ Bolivia month-by-month travel guide to weather conditions and best times to visit. The capital city of Tiwanaku dates from as early as 1500 BC when it was a small, agriculturally based village. Bolivia from The World Bank: Data. Bolivia Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Farther north in the Oriente, grass, palm, and swamp savannas extend into Beni. Bolivia has several geographical areas and climates, and the three predominant ones are Andean (28% of the territory), sub-Andean (13%), and plains (59%). The climate here is considered to be a local steppe climate. In the south the Chaco is scrub-covered, with scattered stands of quebracho giving way northward to a region of semideciduous tropical forest. The climate in Oruro is referred to as a local steppe climate. The rainy season is from December to March, but precipitation varies greatly throughout the highlands. La Paz In the winter the Andean skies are often a deep blue. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information. The rainfall here is around 393 mm | 15.5 inch per year. Pando This climate is considered to be BSk according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Potosí, Bolivia / Jenny Mealing, Flickr / CC BY 2.0. Villazón Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: The months of January, February and December have a high chance of precipitation. The temperature here averages 9.1 °C | 48.3 °F. Bolivia - Bolivia - Languages and religion: Spanish and 36 indigenous languages are official in Bolivia per the 2009 constitution. Other versions: Köppen climate classification; Köppen climate … Although Bolivia lies wholly within the tropics, it possesses every gradation of temperature from that of the equatorial lowlands to arctic cold. The best time of year to visit La Paz in Bolivia. The wettest period is November to March, which, in extreme circumstances, may induce landslides in mountainous areas, and cause certain roads to become impassable. During the year, there is little rainfall in Tiquipaya. Native quishuara and khena trees can still be found on the Altiplano. A historical mining city next to the largest silver mine in the world. Tiquipaya The prevailing climate in Cochabamba is known as a local steppe climate. The climate of the area north-east of the Andes, in the regions of Beni and Pando, is hot and humid with heavy rains especially between October and May, Trinidad for example, has an annual average of 1,800 mm of rainfall, the maximum daytime temperature averages are around 30°C throughout the year. Eucalyptus and pine trees have been introduced around the shores of Lake Titicaca and in sheltered valleys. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. Climate data and weather averages in Tarija. Author: Enhanced, modified, and vectorized by Ali Zifan. Uyuni There, strips of tropical forest line the riverbanks, whereas more continuous forest appears in eastern and northeastern Bolivia. The region now known as Bolivia had been occupied for over 2,500 years when the Aymara arrived. The prevailing climate in Cochabamba is known as a local steppe climate. The climate of Bolivia varies drastically from one ecoregion to the other, from the tropics in the eastern llanos to polar climates in the western Andes. Did the Incan people rule over ancient Mexico? The rainfall here is around 518 mm | 20.4 inch per year. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Map of Bolivia . Exploring Latin America: Fact or Fiction? Covering an area of 1,098,581 (424,164 sq mi), Bolivia is the 5th largest country in South America and the largest landlocked nation in the Southern Hemisphere. La Paz The basic weather pattern of Bolivia is the wet and the dry season, which happens at the same time country-wide. In plains and lowlands, the climate is equatorial in the far north and tropical in the center-south, while in the plateau and the Andean mountain peaks, it's colder and generally quite arid. The southern areas have a mild climate whereas the western part is dry.
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