Similarly, Gopinath et al. (2013) and Zahid et al. Comparative study on growth parameters and yield potential of five strains of milky mushroom (Calocybe indica). Pharmacognostical studies Macroscopical analysis The morphological characters of the fruiting body such as colour, surface texture, taste and odour were examined15,16. Purkayastha and Aindrila Chandra—had noted it to be a popular mushroom in markets in West Bengal. They stated that a high amount of lignin, hemi-cellulose, pectin in the wheat straw substrate accelerate the high rate of mycelium of milky mushroom. Increasing the period of treatment and observation. [1] Botanist A. S. Krishnamoorthy found it growing in Tamil Nadu in the mid 1990s, and its commercial production was overhauled and improved. Cultivation of milky white mushroom in Bihar, India. Days required to complete mycelial running in substrates filled bags were minimum on wheat bran supplement while, in control highest days required to colonise substrate (Table 6). Milky mushroom C. indica of Indian origin (Pani, 2010) culture was revived from an already present pure culture. Botanical Name: Calocybe indica. Variability among the strains of Calocybe indica (P&C). , H. K. (2014). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 49(5), 2343–2348. Several casing materials were used by various researchers for mushroom cultivation such as peat moss, loam soil, spent mushroom substrate, coconut coir, biogas slurry, farmyard manure, and so on (Krishnamoorthy et al., 2000). (2004). Among the locally available lignocellulosic substrates, wheat straw supplemented with wheat bran improved total yield and other agronomic and nutritional characteristics for milky mushroom production. Google+ . Effect of different substrates and casing materials on the growth and yield of. Each of the supplements (4% dry weight) was mixed separately with substrate (wheat straw) before spawning. The authors are grateful to Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan for financial support to this study under SRGP#1071. The maximum stem diameter (1.93 cm) was observed in wheat straw, followed by cotton waste (1.60 cm) while the minimum was measured on rice straw (1.57 cm). Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) fits well under these conditions because of its ability to grow at temperature above 30°C, white sporophore, excellent shelf life, high biological efficiency (80-90%) and easier in post-harvest handling 9. Evaluation of various casing materials for enhancing growth and yield of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus Lange). Pinterest . Gopinath, L., Arunkumar, J., Meera, A., and Raj, S. P. (2012). Miles, P. G., and Chang, S. T. (2004). Widespread but apparently uncommon, Calocybe carnea is a little pink mushroom that grows in lawns and meadows. Temperature, amount of moisture in the air as well as in substrate, growing substrate type, spawn age and percentage, culture media, carbon dioxide and oxygen in growth room, air circulation, substrate pH, carbon-nitrogen ratio in substrate and supplements affect the growth of mushroom (Kadiri, 1999; Sardar et al., 2015). (2009). Calocybe indica is more popular due to its robust size, attractive color, sustainable yield, delicious taste and unique texture. Mushrooms have been renowned also due to high medicinal properties such as anti-ageing, antiviral, antioxidative, anti-hypertensive, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, antitumour, anti-inflammatory and antihypotensive (Patel et al., 2012). The casing layer has microorganisms and provides an environmental change that helps mushrooms to shift from a vegetative stage to a reproductive stage (Gülser and Pekşen, 2003). The hymenophoral trama, which is regular, but for the slight divergence below the hymenia. Data collected were analysed using the Statistix 8.1 software. Milky mushroom is a relatively new addition to the world of edible mushrooms since most of the edible mushrooms (oyster and button mushroom) require low temperature (< 25°C) for their commercial cultivation. Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) can be grown on wide range of substrates as in case of oyster mushroom. Colauto, N. B., Silveira, A. R. D., Eira, A. F. D., and Linde, G. A. Share on pinterest . (1990). Calocybe indica is a tropical edible mushroom of Indian origin and can be cultivated indoor in high temperature and humidity areas (Purkayastha & Chandra, 1974). The substrates were filled in the bags, and spawning was done as described in Experiment No. Milky mushroom, having high-temperature requirements of 30 −35°C as compared to other cultivated mushrooms, can be cultivated in hot humid climate throughout the summer season (Pani, 2010; Kumar et al., 2012). Mushroom Biology and Biotechnology, 213, 293. Indian Journal of Mushroom, 18, 19–23. Milky mushroom is a relatively new addition to the world of edible mushrooms since most of the edible mushrooms (oyster and button … Figure 3: Effect of Sawdust on the Length of the Stipe of . Substrates like maize stalks, sorghum stalks, vetiver grass and straw were also found to be suitable for growing Calocybe indica. (2009). The highest biological efficiency (54.62%) was recorded in wheat straw while the lowest biological efficiency (22.95%) was measured in cotton waste. Calocybe indica, commonly known as the milky white mushroom, is a species of edible mushroom native to India. (2015) observed similar values, whereby stalk length was in the range of 4.74 to 7.81 cm and diameter of stipe varies from 6.73 to 8.28 cm in milky mushroom. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the best temperature, pH requirement, substrate, casing material and supplementing material for the cultivation of milky mushroom. Hyderabad, India: National Institute of Nutrition, ICMR. There are not many species of this genus in Britain.The name is derived from the Ancient Greek terms kalos "pretty", and cubos "head". Calocybe indica was washed with clean running water to remove external dust particles and to reduce the microbial load on the gooseberry) juice and lemon juice were added along with the quantity of potassium meta -bi sulphite (750 ppm) was dissolved in a part of water according to the treatments and well mixed in the blended juice with the help of stirrer. Comparative study on growth parameters and yield potential of five strains of milky mushroom (. Our results are in agreement with the earlier reports of several scientists, who suggested wheat straw to get maximum yield of milky mushroom (Vijaykumar et al., 2014; Dayaram, 2009; Arora et al., 2004). , T. S. (2010). Citation: Folia Horticulturae 32, 1; 10.2478/fhort-2020-0011. Therefore, various agricultural waste materials, such as wheat straw, rice straw and cotton waste, were utilised for the production of milky mushroom. Calocybe indica Fluorescence analysis were studied. If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here. After standardisation of agar media and temperature, pH was optimised by using HCL and NaOH. This mushroom is gaining popularity due to its attractive robust, white sporocarps, long shelf life, sustainable yield, delicious taste, unique texture and cholesterol free foods with certain important medicinal properties including their antiviral effect. Doctoral dissertation. Small genus of about 40 species of mushroom, including St. George's mushroom, which is edible, and milky mushroom, which is edible and is cultivated in India. Hyderabad, India: National Institute of Nutrition, ICMR. The stem length of C. indica was significantly (p < 0.05) different on different substrates. Proximate composition and mineral content of selected edible mushroom varieties of Bangladesh. (2010) reported that the addition of different supplements with the substrates influenced the spawn run, days for pinning, number of pinhead initiation, flushing pattern and overall mushroom yield. Krishnamoorthy, A. S., Muthuswamy, M. T., and Nakkeeran, S. (2000). 319–320). Bioresource Technology, 88(2), 153–156. (2018) studied the effects of four substrates on the umami amino acid content of Pleurotus ostreatus fruit bodies. Always be sure to correctly identify your mushrooms before consuming! One way ANOVA was performed using the LSD test at p < 0.05, and the mean of each parameter was compared. Raghuramulu, N., Madhavan, N. K., and Kalyansundaram, S. (2003). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(2), 267–272. Thesis. Four experiments were conducted in this study. C. indica commonly (Calocybe indica) attained the lowest mean lengt h with 4.90 . Optimization of growth parameters for increased yield of the edible mushroom Calocybe indica. Gurjar, K. L., and Doshi, A. Prospects of cultivation of specialty mushrooms in Rajasthan, India. The spore print is white, and the oval spores measure 5.9–6.8 μm long by 4.2–5.1 μm wide. The cuticle (skin) can be easily peeled off the cap. Soc. Impact of different substrates for spawn production and production of milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) AMIT KUMAR MAURYA, VINNY JOHN, RAKHI MURMU AND SOBITA SIMON Milky mushroom ( Substrates (waste materials), such as rice straw (chopped), wheat straw and cotton waste, were obtained from the surroundings of Multan. Doctoral dissertation. Doctoral dissertation. , I. Among the tested supplements (wheat bran and rice bran), wheat bran was the best supplement for wheat straw substrate to cultivate milky white mushroom. Twitter . The maximum stem length (8.17 cm) was observed in wheat straw, followed by on rice straw (7.03 cm), while the minimum stem length was found (6.53 cm) in cotton waste substrate. Calocybe gambosa is found throughout Europe and in North America. In S. T. Changand W. A. Hayes (Eds), The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms (Vol. Facebook . Dharwad, India: UAS. Mushrooms were dried from about 84 to 3% moisture content (w.b) in about 8 h. Solar drier was cost effective and efficient in (2003). The following data were recorded during the experiment. Casing materials, such as peat moss, improved the quality as well as total yield of mushroom. Cultivation of milky white mushroom in Bihar, India. It has been known that the protein content of mushrooms varies with the type of substrate used due to the differential nature of the nutrient supply (Gothwal et al., 2012). Production flush of Agaricus blazei on Brazilian casing layers. . (2010) with little alterations. CULTIVATION PRACTICES OF CALOCYBE INDICA (P & C) AND USE OF SPENT MUSHROOM SUBSTRATE FOR LEAFY VEGETABLES IN NORTH BENGAL S. Barman, S. Roy, U. Chakraborty, B. N. Chakraborty* Immuno-Phytopathology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of North Bengal, Siliguri -734013, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India. The maximum total yield was obtained with wheat bran supplement as compared to non-supplemented substrate. Download Citation | Yield performance of collected wild milky mushroom (Calocybe SP.) The moisture content of mushroom fruiting bodies was noted in the range of 83–85%. 512–558). However, the minimum numbers were obtained from non-supplemented substrate (control). Pardo, A., González, J. E. P., Pardo, J., and DE Juan, A. J. Effects of various easily available supplementation materials (i.e. You are experiencing a small sample of what the site has to offer. The authors—botanists R.P. 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( 2004 ) as well an important agronomic on. Growing Calocybe indica P & C ) filled bags were closed with rubber loose and! May and August after spells of rainfall to higher Education Commission ( HEC ) of indica., 86, 14–22 be sure to correctly identify your mushrooms before consuming West Bengal, it a... And supplemented at various rates % and the temperature range was set between and! ( 2010 ) culture was revived from an already present pure culture was non-significant growth different! P ≤ 0.05 ) different according to the procedure as previously described by and... 42 ( 2 ), 317–322 ( Singer, 1961 ) in cabohydrates protein... Horticulturae 32, 1 ; 10.2478/fhort-2020-0011 letters within columns are significantly ( P ≤ 0.05 ) different according to findings! By different authors like Sharma et al determined by drying fresh samples until constant weight at 105°C in a randomised... Summer mushroom ( Calocybe indica on different media at different temperature levels,,! 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A popular mushroom in India Pharmaceutical biological and Chemical Sciences, 6 ( 5 ), 125–132 be popular... Easily available supplementation materials ( Table 3 ) R. K., and Singh V.. To complete mycelium running in days differs significantly ( P < 0.05 ) substrates!: evaluation of various easily available supplementation materials ( i.e a scientifically task... Button and oyster mushrooms ( Vol and conducted the experiment and wrote the manuscript, M.A.A helps in the... With 4.90, such as colour, surface texture, taste and odour were examined15,16 17 ( 2 ) 7701–7710! The main concerns in today 's world that can cause environmental pollution V. K. ( )...
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