It is the first known phytoplasma that has economically advantageous effects. [28] The discovery of the role phytoplasmas play in the growth of axillary buds is credited to Ing-Ming Lee of the USDA Agricultural Research Service. Exposure to the plant, even consumption, most often results in no effect,[4] though it can cause nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.[3]. Specific details about its spread from there are largely unverifiable, but it was exhibited at the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society in 1829 by Colonel Robert Carr. During his ambassadorial time in Mexico, he saw the plant in its native habitat and sent several specimens back to the United States. Poinsettia. A historian and horticulturist, William Prescott named the Euphorbia Pulcherrima ‘Poinsettia’ to honor Poinsett’s discovery after being asked to give it a new name. – Michelle R. ANSWER: Don’t feel too bad.Poinsettias are notoriously hard to care for as a houseplant. Poinsettia was named after the United States ambassador to Mexico Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851), who played a crucial role in making the Poinsettia into the most popular Christmas plant. Often mistaken for flower petals, its colourful bracts are actually modified leaves that surround a bunch of small, inconspicuous yellow flowers called cyathia. The plant should be full and bushy, and you should not be able to see through the stems and leaves. Joel Roberts Poinsett was born in 1779 in Charleston, South Carolina, USA. Once selected, Poinsettias require little care. With its striking red and green leaves and starry shape, it easily adds a Christmassy touch wherever it's featured. As the plant grew in popularity, it was eventually named after Poinsett, who had a long and honored career as a congressman and a founder of the Smithsonian Institution. Skin exposure to the sap may cause itchiness, redness, or swelling. It derives its common English name from Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first United States Minister to Mexico, who is credited with introducing the plant to the US in the 1820s. External exposure to the plant may result in a skin rash for some. According to legend, a young Mexican girl named Pepita lived in a small village in a poor house. Just because it’s not harmful doesn’t mean it’s safe to eat. They were popular and important plants to the Aztec people in the 14th to 16th century. It is also estimated that 35 million Poinsettias are sold in the United States each year. Joel Roberts Poinsett was born in 1779 in Charleston, South Carolina, USA. She felt embarrassed that she didn’t have more to offer to Jesus and sadness filled her heart. There is a somewhat anomalous population of wild poinsettias in the northern part of the Mexican state of Guerrero and Oaxaca, which is much further inland in the hot and seasonally dry forests than the rest of the species' range. Forgetting the humbleness of her gift, the girl laid the weeds at the feet of the Christ child. Montezuma, a 15th century Aztec king, adorned his palace with Poinsettia, having his people cultivate the flower as a gift from the Gods. We want to make sure that our family, friends and loved ones are happy, too. [22], Until the 1990s, the Ecke family, who had moved their operation to Encinitas, California, in 1923, had a virtual monopoly on poinsettias owing to a technique that made their plants much more attractive. Poinsettias are cheery plants that are widely grown indoors over Christmas for their brightly coloured bracts. He was a botanist, physician, diplomat and statesman. [22] In the US, December 12 is National Poinsettia Day, marking the anniversary of Joel Roberts Poinsett's death. Poinsettias contribute about $200 million annually to the United States economy in wholesale sales alone. It was a custom in many villages to honor the Christ child by bringing gifts for him to the church. The poinsettia was named after Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779 - 1851). [10][11] The colors of the bracts are created through photoperiodism, meaning that they require darkness (at least fourteen hours at a time for 6–8 weeks in a row) to change color. The botanical name Euphorbia pulcherrima was assigned to the plant by the German botanist Karl Ludwig Wilenow. Some stores sell poinsettias in cellophane cones that … January to March: Keep watering the poinsettia whenever the surface is dry. And contrary to popular belief, Poinsettias are not poisonous. The holotype had been collected in Mexico during an 1803–1804 expedition by Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland. Bacterial diseases include bacterial soft rot and bacterial canker, while a viral disease is Poinsettia mosaic virus. [3] A survey of more than 20,000 calls to the American Association of Poison Control Centers from 1985–1992 related to poinsettia exposure showed no fatalities. Despite his successful career as a politician and ambassador, Poinsett will always be remembered for introducing the Poinsettia into the United States. Poinsettias are named after an amateur botanist, Joel Robert Poinsett, who brought the plant to the U.S. from Mexico in 1825. The Poinsettia plant was named after Joel Robert Poinsett, who was an American ambassador to Mexico around 1829. It won’t be long until Christmas day is here. Botanically, the plant is known as Euphorbia pulcherrima. What's in a Name? They are grouped within the cyathia (small yellow structures found in the center of each leaf bunch, or false flowers). He was so impressed by its color that he gave it a name Euphorbia pulcherrima, which literally means “very pretty plant”. Place them in an area where they’ll receive a minimum of six hours of bright sunlight each day. The poinsettia (/ p ɔɪ n ˈ s ɛ t i ə / or / p ɔɪ n ˈ s ɛ t ə /) (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).Indigenous to Central America, it was described as a new species in 1834. It may also be a good idea to repot the poinsettia using the same type of soil. Poinsettia Care After the Holidays. April: Starting April 1, gradually decrease water, allowing the soil to get dry between waterings. As she walked through the chapel to the altar, she remembered the kind words spoken to her by her cousin: “Even the most humble gift, if given in love, will be acceptable in his eyes. The reason of this admiration is easy to understand if we look at the origins of the plant. If the soil always feels cold and wet, it means the roots are stressed from over watering. At the start of the 20th century, his father Paul Ecke Senior developed the first Poinsettia that could be successfully grown as an indoor potted plant and Poinsettia began to be widely popular. The poinsettia (/pɔɪnˈsɛtiə/ or /pɔɪnˈsɛtə/)[1][2] (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Populations were once found in rolling hill areas, though many have gone extinct. The truth is that Poinsettias have low toxicity. There is a myth that Poinsettias are a highly toxic plant and the core of the myth dates back to 1919 when a child in Hawaii was thought to have died after eating a single Poinsettia leaf. Be careful that the stem does not begin to shrivel. The plant is still commonly used for decorative purposes in Mexico. Robert Buist, a Philadelphia nurseryman and florist, saw the potential of the newly introduced poinsettia, and named it after Joel Poinsett. The plants also require abundant light during the day for the brightest color. It is not coincidence that Mexican people admire this plant. However, you should avoid direct sunlight since it will dry out more quickly. [5] Klotzsch credited Carl Ludwig Willdenow with the species name "pulcherrima", and the authority is given as Willd. Coincidentally, December 12 is also The Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe (Dia de la Virgen de Guadalupe), one of Mexico’s most popular Catholic festivals that celebrates the belief that a man encountered the Virgin Mary, Mexico’s patron saint, in Mexico City on that day in 1531. In 92.4% of calls, there was no effect from exposure, and in 3.4% of calls there were minor effects, defined as "minimally bothersome". - Last year, the wholesale value of the poinsettia crop reached nearly $170 million-a jump of more than 400 percent from 1976. Euphorbia is one of the genera of the family Euphorbiaceae, with more than 2000 species including Euphorbia pulcherrima. As long as we’re with our closest friends and family, we’re satisfied and happy. In Chile and Peru, the plant is called the “Crown of the Andes”. Poinsettia Facts. [17] Crimson blossoms sprouted from the weeds and became poinsettias. These bracts change color in response to the plant forming flowers. Well, the common name derives from the fact that Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first U.S. Poinsettias are shrubs or small trees, with heights of 0.6–4 m (2.0–13.1 ft). But, after Poinsett introduced the plant to the U.S., it slowly gained popularity and took the name of the ambassador, becoming known as the poinsettia. [13], The tropical dry forests where wild poinsettias grow experience largely unregulated deforestation, resulting in habitat loss. At that time, the legend of the little Pepita was born, forever mixing the red and green colors to Christmas folklore in a story in which Poinsettias and Christmas come together. In July of 2002, the House of Representatives created National Poinsettia Day in honor of Joel Roberts Poinsett. Poinsettias are not poisonous to pets or children as commonly believed unless ingested in large quantities. Their bright colors make them perfectly festive for this time of year. Its natural habitat is thus highly fragmented, particularly near metropolitan areas such as Taxco. Meaning of poinsettia. Bracts are a showy set of leaves that form on top of the dark green foliage of a poinsettia. Klotzsch credited Carl Ludwig Willdenow with the species name "pulcherrima", and the authority is given as Willd. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays. In addition to their role as traditional Christmas decorations, poinsettias can serve as tokens of goodwill, friendship, and joy during the holiday season and b However, Cuetlaxochitl was more than just a symbol for Aztecs. And indeed, the plant is deserving of its name. Hanger Included. Wild poinsettia populations are highly fragmented, as their habitat is experiencing largely unregulated deforestation. Other names used to describe poinsettias include flame leaf flower and lobster flower. It was a Christmas time and everything was so beautiful. [4], An attempt to determine a poisonous dose of poinsettia to rats failed, even after reaching experimental doses equivalent to consuming 500 leaves, or nearly 1 kg (2.2 lb) of sap. [32], Species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaceae, American Association of Poison Control Centers, "Beschreibung zweier neuen Euphorbien aus Mexico", "The Poinsettia: History and Transformation", "Poinsettia's wild ancestor in the Mexican dry tropics: Historical, genetic, and environmental evidence", "The Legends and Traditions of Holiday Plants | Horticulture and Home Pest News", "The Legends and Traditions of Holiday Plants", "The poinsettia: Jesus' life story in a plant", "The bloom is off the poinsettia business", "How America's Most Popular Potted Plant Captured Christmas", "First Report of Wilt and Stem Canker of Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) Caused by Phytophthora nicotianae in Puerto Rico", "Poinsettias: Helping an Icon to Bloom at the Right Time", "How Poinsettias Became Synonymous With Christmas", Plant Pathology Fact Sheet: Poinsettia Diseases, List of Christmas gift-bringers by country,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 21:12. What does poinsettia mean? [22], Besides changing the market from mature plants shipped by rail to cuttings sent by air, he sent free plants to television stations for them to display on air from Thanksgiving to Christmas. - The poinsettia, a contemporary symbol of Christmas, was introduced to the United States and named after Joel Robert Poinsett in 1825, the first U.S. ambassador to Mexico. Taxonomically speaking, Euphorbia pulcherrima, widely known as Poinsettia, belongs to a large family of plants known as Euphorbiaceae (the Spurge family). When you water, remove any decorative foil on your plant that impede water drainage. When selecting a Poinsettia for yourself or as a gift, make sure it has healthy, dark green foliage, well-colored bracts, stiff stems and that no roots are coming out of the pot. Poinsettia has its roots in Mexico with its history tracing back to the ancient Aztecs, but it became widely popular when introduced to the United States. Christmas can be the most exciting time of the year, but finding the perfect gift is a challenge that everyone faces at some point. What language is Poinsettia? How Did the Poinsettia Become Associated with Christmas, Stunning 24 Inch Pre-lit Christmas Wreath, Top 10 Flower Names for Baby Girls in 2021. They were cultivated by the Aztecs for use in traditional medicine. ex Klotzsch. Though Arnold later admitted that the story was hearsay and that poinsettias were not proven to be poisonous, the plant was thus thought deadly. He introduced this tree to the United States in the early 1820s. Joel Roberts Poinsett was appointed by President John Quincy Adams as … Poinsettia Facts. The Ecke family's business, now led by Paul Ecke III, decided to stop producing plants in the US, but as of 2008, they still served about 70 percent of the domestic market and 50 percent of the worldwide market. There is a specific poinsettia variety growing in Guerrero (Mexico). Poinsettia was named after the United States ambassador to Mexico Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851), who played a crucial role in making the Poinsettia into the most popular Christmas plant. Poinsettias are tropical plants and can grow nearly 10 feet high in the wild. Poinsettia wasn’t unknown during this time, but it was used as a Christmas flower only in Mexico. Poinsettias make a great gift when visiting family for the holidays. You may be able to tell when watering is needed by lifting the entire pot. In 1825, President James Monroe appointed Poinsett the first U.S. ambassador to Mexico. And when we talk about flowers during Christmas time, we are most likely liable to think about Poinsettias first. It should be neither dripping wet nor totally dry, and if it is, … A conservation risk typical for species with wild and cultivated populations is the contamination of the wild gene pool by hybridization with cultivated individuals. Because of his interest in botany, he … [15] Contact with any part of the plant by children or pets often has no effect, though it may cause nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting if swallowed. In rare cases, exposure to the eye may result in eye irritation. Indigenous to Mexico and Central America, it was described as a new species in 1834. A nurseryman from Pennsylvania, John Bartram is credited as being the first person to sell poinsettias under its botanical name, Euphorbia pulcherrima The poinsettia was described as a new species in 1834 by German scientist Johann Friedrich Klotzsch. [13] Each year in the US, approximately 70 million poinsettias are sold in a period of six weeks, at a value of US$250 million. The plant bears dark green dentate leaves that measure 7–16 centimetres (2.8–6.3 in) in length. It’s cold outside and warm in our souls. They are the world’s most economically important potted plants and a popular choice as a decor and gift during Christmas time. This introduction forever changed the way we think about Poinsettias, not only in United States, but all over the world. Today, the plant is known in Mexico as “La Flor de la Nochebuena”, which means “Flower of the Holy Night” because it blooms during the Christmas season. However, the story turned out to be completely unsubstantiated. The poinsettia is named after the man who first brought the plant to the United States. This story reminds us that that any gift is beautiful when given with love and even the smallest gift would be appreciated if given with an open heart! Poinsettia is also known as “Christmas Star” or “Christmas Flower” because of the colorful star-shaped bracts that are always around during Christmas time. [10] In Chile and Peru, the plant became known as Crown of the Andes. Classic Red. He also appeared on television programs like The Tonight Show and Bob Hope's Christmas specials to promote the plants. The plant has dark green leaves and yellow flowers surrounded with large, colorful bracts which look like petals. It’s normal for the plant to have a few yellow leaves, but too many yellow leaves on the plant could mean it has been stressed. Poinsettias are named after an amateur botanist, Joel Robert Poinsett, who brought the plant to the U.S. from Mexico in 1825. Prescott named the plant the poinsettia in honor of Joel Poinsett’s discovery. His son, Paul Ecke, developed the grafting technique, but it was the third generation of Eckes, Paul Ecke Jr., who was responsible for advancing the association between the plant and Christmas. The holotype had been collected in Mexico during an 1803–1804 expedition by Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland. Many species have common names that vary from region to region and country to country, including Euphorbia pulcherrima which is widely known as Poinsettia in North America, but also all over the world. This has not been documented in wild poinsettias though, as cultivars seldom flower and do not produce fruits. The poinsettia was described as a new species in 1834 by German scientist Johann Friedrich Klotzsch. The plant will need enough water to keep the potting soil damp but not sodden. Poinsettia Perfection. Populations can be up to several hundred individuals, but this is not typical. The son of a French physician and the first United States Ambassador to Mexico (1825 - 1829). [13], Aztec people use the plant to produce red dye and as an antipyretic medication. Your plant will last longer if it’s in bright, natural light. The Aztecs called them “Cuetlaxochitl”, which means “flower that grows in residues or soil”. The American Medical Association’s Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants lists nothing more than occasional vomiting as a side effect of ingesting. [23][24], The Aztecs were the first to cultivate poinsettias. Cassidy Klassen Blog, Gardening. Red and Gold Ball Berries Pine Core, 50 Clear LED Lights with Timer. Joel Roberts Poinsett was appointed by President John Quincy Adams as the first United States ambassador to Mexico in the 1820s. Christmas time is here and the magic of the season is all around us! He became intrigued by the plant and sold them from street stands. Fungal diseases affecting greenhouse poinsettia operations include Pythium root rot, Rhizoctonia root and stem rot, black root rot, scab, powdery mildew, and Botrytis blight. The poinsettia is named after the man who first brought the plant to the United States. Wild poinsettias occur from Mexico to Guatemala, growing on mid-elevation, Pacific-facing slopes. Population sizes are frequently very small, with as few as a dozen individuals. [10], The plant's association with Christmas began in 16th-century Mexico, where legend tells of a girl, commonly called Pepita or María, who was too poor to provide a gift for the celebration of Jesus' birthday and was inspired by an angel to gather weeds from the roadside and place them in front of the church altar. Poinsettias are popular garden plants in tropical and subtropical areas and are well-known potted plants associated with winter festivities in temperate regions. [26] There are over 100 cultivated varieties of poinsettia that have been patented in the US. The plant was later named to honor Ambassador Poinsett’s efforts. According to poinsettia flower history provided by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, American growers produced more than 33 million poinsettias in 2014. Paul Ecke Junior developed the grafting technique causing seedlings to branch, allowing the Poinsettia industry to flourish. History of the Poinsettia. [27][10][11], To produce extra axillary buds that are necessary for plants containing multiple flowers, a phytoplasma infection—whose symptoms include the proliferation of axillary buds—is used. Joel Roberts Poinsett, a physician, botanist, and the first United States Ambassador to Mexico, spotted a wild Poinsettia growing in a deciduous, tropical Mexican forest in the 1820's. [12], The flowers of the poinsettia are unassuming and do not attract pollinators. [22], Poinsettias are susceptible to several diseases, mostly fungal, but also bacterial and parasitic. These graceful flowers will add charm and beauty to your Christmas decorations and will also bring holiday cheer into your hearts and your homes! Poinsettias are native to Central America and Mexico, especially an area of southern Mexico known as “Taxco del Alarcon” and further south where they flower naturally during the winter. One population in the Mexican state of Guerrero is much further inland, however, and is thought to be the ancestor of most cultivated populations. [4] Similarly, a cat or dog's exposure to poinsettias rarely necessitates medical treatment. (Of course, the plant wasn't called "Poinsettia" yet, as it was named after him years later). [30], In the late 1980s, university researcher John Dole[31] discovered the method previously known only to the Eckes and published it, allowing competitors to flourish, particularly those using low-cost labor in Latin America. They range from creamy white to pink to the traditional bright red. From that day on, the bright red flowers were known as the “Flores de Noche Buena” or “Flowers of the Holy Night”. Poinsettia's botanical name, Euphorbia pulcherrima, means "the most beautiful Euphorbia". They had a number of practical uses for the plant, from dying clothes to using the sap as medicine, as well as for decoration. [16], The poinsettia occurs in Central America, occurring from Mexico to southern Guatemala. The Eckes' technique made it possible to get every seedling to branch, resulting in a bushier plant. Recent research has proved that Poinsettias are not poisonous. Poinsettia Day also honors another American, Californian Paul Ecke Junior, who is considered the father of the commercial North American Poinsettia industry. Poinsettias are part of the Euphorbiaceae or Spurge family. Although the legend’s truth can not be established, it is certainly a beautiful metaphor for the meaning of Christmas. [20], Poinsettias are popular Christmas decorations[21] in homes, churches, offices, and elsewhere across North America, as a result of an extensive marketing campaign by the Ecke family that began by shipping free poinsettias to television stations for use on-air. [18] From the 17th century, Franciscan friars in Mexico included the plants in their Christmas celebrations. Poinsettias prefer cooler temperatures overnight and slightly humid air. Poinsettias are not poisonous to pets or children as commonly believed unless ingested in large quantities. Many of these poinsettias are grown by the Ecke family business, which serves half the worldwide market and 70% of the US market. Poinsett was an amateur botanist and liked the plant so much that he sent several back to his home in South Carolina where he grew them in his green house and … 1830–40; Midnight Magic Crape Myrtle Pruning, Cheap Apartments For Rent In Lancaster, Pa, Cross Country Skiing Burlington, Vt, Juke Nissan Philippines Price, Precor Trm 211, Motorola Mg7315 Firmware Update, The Lion King Musical Songs, Newcastle To Avoca Beach, 2009 Honda Cr-v Ex-l Sport Utility 4d, Prosourcefit Sports Medicine Foam Roller, Coach Shoulder Bag,