[7] The contrasting of church and state still dates to the 16th century. Legislative Branch Just like with the federal government the states have legislatures that make up the state … c : a government or politically organized society having a particular character a police state the welfare state. They then view the state as a neutral body that simply enacts the will of whichever groups dominate the electoral process. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Gravity. [23], States may be classified by political philosophers as sovereign if they are not dependent on, or subject to any other power or state. – means any land owned or acquired by the State Government/State Government Undertaking situated in a district or an urban area as the case may be. A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is an entity formed by the government for the purpose of engaging in commercial activities. [citation needed]. ‘a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government By definition, in a welfare state, the government is responsible for the individual and social welfare of its citizens. The earliest forms of the state emerged whenever it became possible to centralize power in a durable way. Often the nature of quasi-autonomous organizations is unclear, generating debate among political scientists on whether they are part of the state or civil society. Since the absolutist period, states have largely been organized on a national basis. As a noun, a people permanently occupying a fixed territory bound together by common habits and custom into one body politic exercising, through the medium of an organized government, independent sovereignty and control over all persons and things within its boundaries, capable of making war and peace and of entering into international relations with other states. Learn more. [22] The relationship between a government and its state is one of representation and authorized agency. Definitions. As a member of IHRA, the United States now uses this working definition and has encouraged other governments and international organizations to use it as well. Other states are subject to external sovereignty or hegemony where ultimate sovereignty lies in another state. Unlike the European case, late state formation occurred in a context of limited international conflict that diminished the incentives to tax and increase military spending. Anarchists believe that the state is inherently an instrument of domination and repression, no matter who is in control of it. Related Terms: Government , Crown , International Law , Law of Nations , Nation , Citizenship , Sovereign , Sovereignty , State Immunity. He does agree that it is equally incapable of providing a high quality of life. [21], Confounding the definition problem is that "state" and "government" are often used as synonyms in common conversation and even some academic discourse. Agriculture and writing are almost everywhere associated with this process: agriculture because it allowed for the emergence of a social class of people who did not have to spend most of their time providing for their own subsistence, and writing (or an equivalent of writing, like Inca quipus) because it made possible the centralization of vital information. Government is so ingrained in our culture and so much a part of our everyday lives that most of us, when asked, can't offer a very good definition of the actual word. The struggle over power or influence within organizations or informal groups that can grant or withhold benefits or privileges. [18], Another commonly accepted definition of the state is the one given at the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of States in 1933. Rousseau’s ideas reflect an attitude far more positive in respect of human nature than either Hobbes or Locke. This Decision is addressed to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland., The French Republic is authorised to …, Agreement between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Russian Federation …. Noun 1. Indeed, Marx claimed that "the executive of the modern state is nothing but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie" (Communist Manifesto). Thomas Hobbes described the state of nature as "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short" (Leviathan, Chapters XIII–XIV). The Deep State, wrote Lofgren, is not “a secret, conspiratorial cabal; the state within a state is hiding mostly in plain sight, and its operators mainly act in the light of day. Ralph Miliband argued that the ruling class uses the state as its instrument to dominate society by virtue of the interpersonal ties between state officials and economic elites. State. 1635-1645 Latin foederal – (league) What is Federal Government an ongoing organization that performs certain functions for society. [65][66], Anarcho-capitalists such as Murray Rothbard come to some of the same conclusions about the state apparatus as anarchists, but for different reasons. Learner's definition of STATE. To some extent, urban secession, the creation of a new city-state (sovereign or federated), continues to be discussed in the early 21st century in cities such as London. To the extent that it makes sense, there is no single "Marxist theory of state", but rather several different purportedly "Marxist" theories have been developed by adherents of Marxism. State. The geographical name (short name) e.g. Foreign leaders dining in state at the White House. Any group of people living together in a country, state, city, or local community has to live by certain rules. Every single scientific technological advance has come to the service of the state Foucault argues and it is with the emergence of the Mathematical sciences and essentially the formation of Mathematical statistics that one gets an understanding of the complex technology of producing how the modern state was so successfully created. Influenced by Plato, Rousseau recognized the state as the environment for the moral development of humanity. authorities, government, regime - the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit; "the government reduced taxes"; "the matter was referred to higher authorities". It was not until the 16th century that the modern concept of the state emerged, in the writings of Niccolò Machiavelli (Italy) and Jean Bodin (France), as the centralizing force whereby stability might be regained. institution. 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