1st Jan 1970 The interval between the First and Second Punic Wars (241–218, https://www.britannica.com/event/Punic-Wars, UNRV History - The Punic Wars and Expansion, Punic Wars - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Corrections? The Punic Wars were made of three major wars. Company Registration No: 4964706. The Punic Wars were some of the biggest wars of the Hellenistic period. The Punic Wars were a series of three wars between 264 and 146 BC fought by the states of Rome and Carthage. These three wars took place between 264 and 146 B.C. No Comments on rome after the Punic Wars The Punic Wars are over, but Rome now faces a crisis due to internal strife in the aftermath of the wars. At Mylae (Milazzo), off the north Sicilian coast, their admiral Gaius Duilius defeated a Carthaginian squadron of superior maneuvering capacity by grappling and boarding. … The Mamertini appealed to both Rome and Carthage, and the Carthaginians, arriving first, occupied Messana and effected a reconciliation with Hieron. The end of the First Punic War saw the beginning of the Roman expansion beyond the Italian peninsula. In the Second Punic War, Hannibal marched his army up and around the Iberian … Invested with an unrestricted foreign command, he spent the rest of his life in founding a Spanish empire (237–228). Punic Wars were three major military confrontations between the two great empires of the Ancient World, Rome and Carthage. 3. The besiegers met with a gallant resistance and in 249 were compelled to withdraw by the loss of their fleet in a surprise attack upon Drepanum, in which the admiral Publius Claudius Pulcher was repulsed with a loss of 93 ships. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. (Punic Wars, n.d.) Rome began the war with a stronger army for it could call on its Italian allies for extra soldiers. By this arrangement Sicily became known as a province which became a term for any conquered territory outside mainland Italy. B. Also, it depends on which punic war you are speaking of. Rome not only survived the period during the Punic Wars, they conquered and prospered. The last war was kind of a punishment for Carthage from Rome. Punic Wars, also called Carthaginian Wars, (264–146 bce), a series of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire, resulting in the destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean… The Romans now directed their efforts once more against Sicily. Roman expansion in Italy from 298 to 201 BCE. A large Roman fleet sailed out in 256, repelled the entire Carthaginian fleet off Cape Ecnomus (near modern Licata) and established a fortified camp on African soil at Clypea (Kélibia in Tunisia). Hannibal was a military genius, who had greatly expanded the Punic Empire in Iberia and invaded Italy after traversing the Alps. Discuss the problems in the Roman Empire after the Punic Wars. You can view samples of our professional work here. While this was the Romans’ only naval defeat in the war, their fleet had suffered a series of grievous losses by storm, and now it was so reduced that the attack upon Sicily had to be suspended. The loss of naval supremacy not only deprived the Carthaginians of their predominance in the western Mediterranean but exposed their overseas empire to disintegration under renewed attacks by Rome. However, the scheme of preparing for a fresh conflict found a worthy champion in Hamilcar Barca. Rome, on the other hand, had taken a key step towards her domination of the Mediterranean. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. By controlling Sicily, the Romans could use its array of natural resources and minerals to gain profits. The Romans introduced a new system in Sicily, where the people were made neither allies nor citizens, but instead subjects. History To avoid complete humiliation Carthage had no resource but to humiliate its adversary. The Romans emerged from the Punic wars with the widespread understanding that ultimate authority over the military lay with the Senate, that it was the Senate's job to know, advise and guide, and the Senate's job to decide the question of war or peace and other foreign … The series of wars that Rome fought with Carthage were called the Punic Wars. His work was continued by his son-in-law Hasdrubal and his son Hannibal, who was placed at the head of the army in 221. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. How did the Punic Wars effect the Roman Army? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 4. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! their victory in the Punic Wars. Embark upon a historical journey of warfare in this quiz. This aggression provoked war with Carthage and Syracuse. Remember that Hannibal’s strategy was to drive a wedge between Rome … What problems did Rome encounter governing and managing the new territories acquired after the Punic Wars?