The Platinum Group Metals These metals have similar properties and are often present in the same mineral ores. Our platinum page has over 260 facts that span 87 different quantities. It is a member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table, a highly reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing agent that readily forms oxides with most elements as well as with other compounds. All are noble metals and transition metals in the d-block of the periodic table. Platinum is ductile, malleable, silvery-white or gray-white in color, and non-reactive. Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. It is one of the of the six platinum group metals consisting of platinum, palladium, rhodium, osmium, iridium and ruthenium. Platinum with the atomic number 78 and an atomic mass of 195 in the periodic table is an extremely rare element found in the crust of the earth. The symbol of resistivity is usually the Greek letter ρ (rho). Period. Explore the different alchemical symbols for platinum and learn how the alchemists viewed this element, in this Visual Elements Periodic Table resource from the Royal Society of Chemistry Platinum is used in making electrical contact points and resistance wires. It has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at high temperatures, and is … Discoverer: McMillan, Edwin M. and Abelson, Philip H. Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edward M. McMillan, Arthur C. Wohl, Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Leon O. Morgan, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Kenneth Street, Jr., Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Bernard G. Harvey, Gregory R. Choppin, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Albert Ghiorso, Glenn T. Seaborg, Torbørn Sikkeland, John R. Walton, Discoverer: Albert Ghiorso, Torbjørn Sikkeland, Almon E. Larsh, Robert M. Latimer. In 1783 French chemist Francois Chabaneaus discovered and patented a method of producing workable platinu… and Gay-Lussac, L.-J. Photo about platinum on the periodic table of the elements. National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce. Discoverer: Priestley, Joseph and Scheele, Carl Wilhelm, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Strutt, John (Lord Rayleigh), Discoverer: Del Rio, Andrés Manuel (1801) and Sefström, Nils Gabriel (1830), Discoverer: Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Paul-Émile, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm and Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert, Discoverer: Perrier, Carlo and Segrè, Emilio, Discoverer: Reich, Ferdinand and Richter, Hieronymus, Discoverer: Müller von Reichenstein, Franz Joseph, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris William, Discoverer: Kirchhoff, Gustav and Bunsen, Robert. Platinum is widely used as a catalyst for chemical reactions. Periodic Table of Elements Element Platinum Pt. Last accessed: 27 August 2020. It has six naturally occurring isotopes. Pt is found uncombined in alluvial deposits and as alloy with the other platinum-group metals. In contrast to conductors, electrons in a semiconductor must obtain energy (e.g. The platinum-group metals (abbreviated as the PGMs; alternatively, the platinoids, platinides, platidises, platinum group, platinum metals, platinum family or platinum-group elements (PGEs)) are six noble, precious metallic elements clustered together in the periodic table. Platinum has a melting point of 1772 degrees C, the boiling point of 3827 +/- 100 degrees C, the specific gravity of 21.45 (20 degrees C), with a valence of 1, 2, 3, or 4. A look at what EDAX's EBSD products can detect in regards to Platinum. The platinum group metals or PGMs are a set of six precious metals that are clustered together on the periodic table around the element platinum. It is this repeated pattern which control properties like strength, ductility, density, conductivity (property of conducting or transmitting heat, electricity, etc. Los Alamos National Laboratory, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA. This article discusses how he and some of his predecessors accommodated the platinum group metals (pgms) in the Periodic Table, and it considers the placing of their three transuranic congeners: hassium (108Hs), meitnerium (109Mt) and darmstadtium (110Ds). It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Comprehensive data on the chemical element Platinum is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Platinum. Platinum is a lustrous silvery-white, malleable, ductile metal and a member of group 10 of the periodic table of the elements. Various surgical tools, and laboratory utensils are made of platinum. The most important use of platinum is in vehicles, as a catalytic converter, facilitating the complete combustion of unburned hydrocarbon passing through the exhaust. Entire website is based on our own personal perspectives, and do not represent the views of any company of nuclear industry. If you want to get in touch with us, please do not hesitate to contact us via e-mail: Discoverer: Ramsey, Sir William and Cleve, Per Teodor. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The elements all possess a silvery white colour—except osmium, which is bluish white. Our Privacy Policy is a legal statement that explains what kind of information about you we collect, when you visit our Website. Platinum (Pt) has an atomic number of seventy-eight. A horizontal row in the periodic table. In solid-state physics, this energy gap or band gap is an energy range between valence band and conduction band where electron states are forbidden. Platinum is a metallic element with the atomic number 78 and the symbol Pt. Platinum is mostly present in its native form and as alloy with iron. Platinum Element 78 of Periodic table is Platinum with atomic number 78, atomic weight 195.078. Log in, This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. Platinum is unaffected by air and water , but will dissolve in hot aqua regia, in hot concentrated phosphoric and sulphuric acids, and in molten alkali. Fully descriptive writeups. Glossary. Periodic Table of the Elements. Atomic Mass Number – Does it conserve in a nuclear reaction? It is considered to be a precious metal along with silver and gold. and an insulator, such as glass. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. Platinum is a lustrous silvery-white, malleable, ductile metal and a member of group 10 of the periodic table of the elements. Platinum is a rare transition metal. Platinum is a 78. chemical element in the periodic table of elements. Osmium (from Greek ὀσμή osme, "smell") is a chemical element with the symbol Os and atomic number 76. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table.