[125] The press overwhelmingly praised the new show; several popular magazines and niche magazines lauded it. For example, episode 4401 means "the first episode of the 44th season", not "the 4401st episode" (it is in fact the 4328th episode). [148][note 9] Historian Robert W. Morrow speculated that much of the early criticism, which he called "surprisingly intense",[21] stemmed from cultural and historical reasons in regards to, as he put it, "the place of children in American society and the controversies about television's effects on them". Casper the Friendly Ghost 5. Today in 1993, John Wayne Bobbitt was acquitted of marital sexual assault. [52] Sesame Street was the first children's show to structure each episode, and the segments within them, to capture children's attention, and to make, as Gladwell put it, "small but critical adjustments" to keep it. Sesame Street is an American educational children's television series that combines live action, sketch comedy, animation and puppetry. All programs are distributed by PBS unless where noted. [78] As Stone stated, "Writing for children is not so easy". [55] One of their primary goals was preparing young children for school, especially children from low-income families,[56] using modeling,[57] repetition,[58] and humor[52] to fulfill these goals. [39][109] In 2005, Doreen Carvajal of The New York Times reported that income from the co-productions and international licensing accounted for $96 million. [24] The program premiered on public television stations on November 10, 1969. Amazon 5 star seller since 2001. Newsday reported that several newspapers and magazines had written "glowing" reports about the CTW and Cooney. Mielke, Keith W., "A Review of Research on the Educational and Social Impact of Sesame Street", pp. Cooney and Morrisett procured additional multimillion-dollar grants from the U.S. federal government, The Arthur Vining Davis Foundations, CPB, and the Ford Foundation. Joey Calvan was born on October 31, 1967 in the USA as Leslie Jo Calvan. In 2018, it was estimated that 86 million Americans had watched the series as children. [141][142], Sesame Street was praised from its debut in 1969. In 1998, the popular "Elmo's World", a 15-minute-long segment hosted by the Muppet Elmo, was created. You have to know the characters and the format and how to teach and be funny at the same time, which is a big, ambidextrous stunt". Gloria Domina, James Cravero, Kevin Mackie, Patrick Robinson & Steve Pullara (producers) –. [80] The notebook was a compilation of programming ideas designed to teach specific curriculum points,[81] provided extended definitions of curriculum goals, and assisted the writers and producers in translating the goals into televised material. [97], Jim Henson, the creator of the Muppets, owned the trademarks to those characters, and was reluctant to market them at first. [135] Les Brown, a writer for Variety, saw in Sesame Street "a hope for a more substantial future" for television. [134] Historian Robert Morrow, in his book Sesame Street and the Reform of Children's Television, which chronicled the show's influence on children's television and on the television industry as a whole, reported that many critics of commercial television saw Sesame Street as a "straightforward illustration for reform". [28] By the show's 40th anniversary in 2009, it was ranked the fifteenth-most-popular children's show on television, and by its 50th anniversary in 2019, the show had 100% brand awareness globally. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sesame_Street&oldid=991954863, 1960s American children's comedy television series, 1970s American children's comedy television series, 1980s American children's comedy television series, 1990s American children's comedy television series, 2000s American children's comedy television series, 2010s American children's comedy television series, 2020s American children's comedy television series, 1960s American satirical television series, 1970s American satirical television series, 1980s American satirical television series, 1990s American satirical television series, 2000s American satirical television series, 2010s American satirical television series, 2020s American satirical television series, 1960s American sketch comedy television series, 1970s American sketch comedy television series, 1980s American sketch comedy television series, 1990s American sketch comedy television series, 2000s American sketch comedy television series, 2010s American sketch comedy television series, 2020s American sketch comedy television series, American preschool education television series, American television shows featuring puppetry, American television series with live action and animation, Early childhood education in the United States, Peabody Award-winning television programs, Television shows adapted into video games, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Can You Tell Me How to Get to Sesame Street? She was one of the first female executives in American television. [127] By 2006, Sesame Street had become "the most widely viewed children's television show in the world", with 20 international independent versions and broadcasts in over 120 countries. [149] Social scientist and Head Start founder Urie Bronfenbrenner criticized the show for being too wholesome. [132] These studies have been cited in other studies of the effects of television on young children. [37] Steve Youngwood, SW's Chief Operating Officer, called the move "one of the toughest decisions we ever made". [99] As Davis reported, "Cooney stressed restraint, prudence, and caution" in their marketing and licensing efforts. [93] Most of the cast and crew found jobs on Sesame Street through personal relationships with Stone and the other producers. [24] Henson was initially reluctant, but he agreed to join Sesame Street to meet his own social goals. The creators of Blue's Clues were influenced by Sesame Street, but wanted to use research conducted in the 30 years since its debut. [111] Cameraman Frankie Biondo worked on Sesame Street from its first episode. Season 44 (2013–2014) was the first time episodes were numbered in a seasonal order rather than the numerical and chronological fashion used since the show premiered. Nick News Special Edition: What Are You Staring At? In addition, it was the subject of retrospectives at the Smithsonian Institution and the Museum of Modern Art. [112], Jim Henson and the Muppets' involvement in Sesame Street began when he and Cooney met at one of the curriculum planning seminars in Boston. [159] Sesame Workshop won a Peabody Award in 2009 for its website, sesamestreet.org,[160] and the show was given Peabody's Institutional Award in 2019 for 50 years of educating and entertaining children globally. Cole, Charlotte F., Beth A. Richman, and Susan A. McCann Brown, "The World of Sesame Street Research", pp. The program is known for its images communicated through the use of Jim Henson's Muppets, and includes short films, with humor and cultural references. As of 2018, Sesame Street has won 189 Emmy Awards and 11 Grammy Awards, more than any other children's show. [62], The show's goals for outreach were addressed through a series of programs that first focused on promotion and then, after the first season, on the development of educational materials used in preschool settings. 「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」(Born in the U.S.A.)は、ブルース・スプリングスティーンの1984年にリリースされたアルバム『ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.』からのシングル曲。アメリカのビルボード誌では、1985年1月19日に、週間ランキング最高位の第9位を獲得。ビルボード誌1985年年間ランキングは第81位。, ローリング・ストーン誌の「the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time」の中で275位にランクされた。RIAAが選定した今世紀の曲(Songs of the Century)では、365曲中の59位にランクした。, その歌詞は、アメリカ人のベトナム戦争の影響を扱ったものだったが、純粋な愛国主義の内容として誤解された。 [27] The Workshop decided from the start that all materials their licensing program created would "underscore and amplify"[92][93] the show's curriculum. Many of the songs featured obscure or one-shot Sesame Street characters which were parodies of popular classic rock bands. Wendy the Good Little Witch 6. [27], According to the CTW's research, children preferred watching and listening to other children more than to puppets and adults, so they included children in many scenes. The new version focused on fewer characters, reduced the pop culture references "once included as winks for their parents", and focused "on a single backbone topic". [157][158], In 2002, Sesame Street was ranked number 27 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time. [71] According to The New York Times, the move "drew an immediate backlash". Sign up for a FREE Sesame Street account for even more games and videos you can access anytime 。, 「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」のパロディは二つが有名である。チーチ&チョンの1985年の政治風刺的な「ボーン・イン・イースト・L.A.」と、2ライブ・クルーの1990年の自虐的な「Banned in the U.S.A.」である。「Bruce Stringbean and the S. Street Band」と名付けられたセサミ・ストリートのキャラクターのグループは、アルバム『Born to Add』の中で「Barn in the U.S.A.」を演奏した[2]。. They're still there, he's all gone, He had a woman he loved in Saigon As Peter Hellman wrote in his 1987 article in New York Magazine, "The show, of course, depends upon its writers, and it isn't easy to find adults who could identify the interest level of a pre-schooler". [77] Cooney also described the collaboration as an "arranged marriage". [27] As of 2006, 20 international versions had been produced. [79], The show's research team developed an annotated document, or "Writer's Notebook", which served as a bridge between the show's curriculum goals and script development. [139] It was not until the mid-1990s that another children's television educational program, Blue's Clues, used the CTW's methods to create and modify their content. [130] ETS's two "landmark"[131] summative evaluations, conducted in 1970 and 1971, demonstrated that the show had a significant educational impact on its viewers. [25] It was the first preschool educational television program to base its contents and production values on laboratory and formative research. The Sesame Street Muppets are staying home, too, but still connecting with friends online—and each week we'll post new videos, like Singalong with Elmo or Snack Time with Cookie Monster. [94], Shortly after the CTW was created in 1968, Joan Ganz Cooney was named its first executive director. They became, as Cooney put it, "a multiple-media institution". [91] By 2019, the Sesame Workshop had published over 6,500 book titles. After two years of research, the newly formed Children's Television Workshop (CTW) received a combined grant of US$8 million ($56 million in 2019 dollars)[23] from the Carnegie Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the U.S. federal government to create and produce a new children's television show. I got a picture of him in her arms now, 歌詞に登場するケサンの戦いは、北ベトナム軍との戦いであり、歌詞で聞かれるようにベトコンではない。最終的にアメリカ軍はケサンの包囲を壊したが、たったの2ヶ月後には前哨基地から撤退した。このことでケサンは、ベトナム戦争における無益の象徴のひとつになった。, 1984年8月下旬、アルバム『ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.』はよく売れていて、アルバムの曲は全米のラジオで流れ、関連するツアーも成功していた。ワシントンD.C.郊外のキャピタル・センターでのスプリングスティーンのコンサートにはメディアの注目がさらに集まり、特にCBSイブニングニュースのバーナード・ゴールドバーグ通信員は、スプリングスティーンを現代のホレイショ・アルジャーの立身出世の物語として見た。さらに注目すべきは、保守的な人気コラムニストのジョージ・ウィルがコンサートを見た後の1984年9月13日に、古き良きアメリカの価値の見本としてスプリングスティーンを称賛した「ヤンキー・ドゥードゥル・スプリングスティーン」と題したコラムを発行したことだった。「私はスプリングスティーンの政治については、たとえあったとしても見当もつかないが、しかし彼が厳しい時代についての歌を唄う間、旗は彼のコンサートではためいていた。彼は不平をこぼす男ではなく、閉鎖された工場と他の問題の朗唱は、いつでも『ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.(アメリカで生まれた)!』という壮大で、快活な表現によって句読点を打たれたように見える」と彼は書いた[1]。, 1984年の大統領選挙のキャンペーンが当時真っ盛りで、ウィルはロナルド・レーガン大統領の再選を狙う団体と繋がりがあった。ウィルは、スプリングスティーンがレーガンを支持するかもしれないと考え、高いレベルのレーガンのアドバイザー、マイケル・ディーヴァーの事務所にその考えを押し上げた。事務所のスタッフたちは、丁重に拒絶されたスプリングスティーンのマネージメント事務所に問い合わせをした。, それでもなお、1984年9月19日、遊説先のニュージャージー州ハモントンで、レーガンは次のようなお決まりの街頭演説を加えたのだった。, 「アメリカの未来は、依然としてあなた方の心の中のたくさんの夢として残っています。それはたくさんの若者が称賛する歌の中に希望のメッセージとしてあります。ニュージャージーの誇るブルース・スプリングスティーンです。そして、あなた方のそれらの夢の実現を助けることは、私のこの仕事に関するすべてなのです」。, 選挙報道はすぐさま、レーガンがスプリングスティーンの何を知っているのかという疑念を表現し、彼のお気に入りのスプリングスティーンの曲は何かと質問した。それは「ボーン・トゥ・ラン」であると、スタッフは渋々対応した。ジョニー・カーソンは『トゥナイト・ショー』の番組の中で「もし君がそれを信じてるなら、(レーガンの対立候補の)モンデールとフェラーノの就任舞踏会のチケットを君に譲るよ」と冗談を言った。, 9月22日のピッツバーグでのコンサートの間、スプリングスティーンは、失業した自動車工場の労働者が人を殺してしまうという内容の彼の曲「ジョニ−99」を紹介することで否定的な反応を見せた。「大統領は先日俺の名前を挙げてたけど、俺はちょっと彼の好きなアルバムがなんだったのか考えたんだ。『ネブラスカ』ではないと思う。彼はそれを聞いてるとは思わないよ」。, その数日後、大統領の挑戦者のウォルター・モンデールは、「ブルース・スプリングスティーンは走るために生まれた(born to run)かもしれないが昨日生まれたんじゃない」と言って、自身がスプリングスティーンに支持されて来たことを主張した。スプリングスティーンのマネージャーのジョン・ランドウは、これら一切の支持を否定し、モンデール陣営は修正を発表した。, 「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」は1984年後半にビルボードHot100シングルチャートで9位に到達した。アルバム『ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.』からリリースした7曲のトップ10シングルの3番目であった。さらにビルボードRock Tracksチャートのトップ10に入り、AORのラジオ局での安定したプレイを示していた。同曲はイギリスでもヒットし、UKシングルチャートの5位にランクした。, 1984年の大統領選挙を超えて、「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」はその苦い歌詞ではなく国粋的なコーラス部分を聞いた者によって純粋な愛国主義の歌として広く誤解されたと言われている。, スプリングスティーンは、「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」をクライスラーの車のCMに使用したいというクライスラー社CEOのリー・アイアコッカの要求を拒否した。それは数百万ドルの価値に匹敵する申し出であった。同社は代わりに、ケニー・ロジャースとニッキ・ライダーの曲「ザ・プライド・イズ・バック」を使用した。, 「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」のミュージック・ビデオは著名な映像作家ジョン・セイルズが手がけた。スタジオ録音の音楽があまり同期してない、スプリングスティーンとEストリート・バンドのビデオコンサートの場面で構成された。1984年12月中頃にリリースされ、コンサートからの音をミックスする十分な時間がなかったと推定される。, この映像には1980年代中頃の説得力のあるアメリカの労働階級が織り込まれ、歌といくつか関連するイメージを強調した。ベトナム帰還兵、アメラジアンの子供たち、工場の組み立てライン、精油工場、墓地などが登場し、最後は星条旗の前でポーズを取った白髪まじりのスプリングスティーンで終わる。, 1985年1月10日、アーサー・ベイカーによる「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」の12インチ「Freedom Mix」がリリースされた。それはベイカーが同アルバムの前のシングル「ダンシング・イン・ザ・ダーク」や「カヴァー・ミー」で行った以上に相当過激なリミックスであった。リミックスはあらゆる(恐らく誤解されやすい)国粋的な要素を取り除き、歌の悲しく沈んでいる要素を前面に押し出した。シンセサイザー、鉄琴、そしてドラムスは細かく切り刻まれ、「Oh my God, no」と「U.S.A.—U.S.—U.S.—U.S.A.」と歌うスプリングスティーンのボーカルの断片と隔離させた。, しかしリミックスは、ベイカーの試みの中でも最も低いセールスとなり、前の2作のようには売れずにビルボードのHot Dance Music/Club Playチャートには登場できなかった。, スプリングスティーンの1984年から1985年の「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」ツアーでは、同曲はほとんどつねにコンサートのオープニングで劇的に、聴衆を興奮させるやり方で演奏された。このようなバージョンのひとつはアルバム『Live/1975–85』に収められている。, 1988年の「トンネル・オブ・ラブ・エクスプレス」ツアーでは、「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」は通常、最初のセットのトリで演奏された。1992年から1993年の「アザー・バンド」ツアーでは、2番目のセットの終わりに頻繁に登場した。これらはどちらもフルバンドの演奏によるバージョンで、後者の方は慣れ親しんだシンセサイザーのラインよりもギターのパートが強調された。, 1995年から1997年のソロのアコースティックによる「ゴースト・オブ・トム・ジョード」ツアーとそれに関連したプロモーション用のメディアでの登場が始まった時は、スプリングスティーンはもう一度「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」を根本から書き直し、オリジナルの『ネブラスカ』のともフルバンドの演奏とも異なる、アコースティックギターによるバージョンを演奏した。これはタイトルのフレーズが2回しか出てこない、とげとげしい怒りの表現であった。これは、トム・ジョードツアーの青白い雰囲気と、曲本来のそして唯一の目的を明らかにしようとするスプリングスティーンの試みの両方に関係していた。このショーで彼がこの曲を紹介する時、彼は曲が誤解されていることにいまだに納得しておらず、作曲者として彼は「これを最後にしたい」と言った。ファンの反応は二分され、新しいアレンジを絶賛する者と、曲の音楽的な皮肉さが失われたと考える者に分かれた。, 1999年から2000年の「リユニオン」ツアーでは、「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」はいつも演奏されるわけではなく、演奏される時には、今や12弦のスライドギターによる、とげとげしい感じのソロのアコースティックのバージョンであった。この時の演奏はDVDとCDの『Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band: Live in New York City』に収録されている。2002年の「ザ・ライジング」ツアーと2004年の政治的な「ヴォート・フォー・チェンジ」ツアーまでに、フルバンドによる「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」はレギュラーで復活することはなく、それはアメリカ合衆国内でのライブで演奏され、海外の聴衆はまだアコースティックのバージョンしか聞けなかった。, しかし2005年のスプリングスティーンのソロによる、「デヴィル・アンド・ダスト」ツアーの終わりに向けて、最も興味深い「BORN IN THE U.S.A.」がやがて明らかにされた。エフェクターによって音が増幅されボーカルは歪められ、その演奏は不可解ではあるが耳には鋭く残った。, 人気のある歌であったために、「ボーン・イン・ザ・U.S.A.」はブルーグラスのインストのコレクションから(児童が歌う)児童用の音楽のアルバムまで、幅広く登場した。ロンドン交響楽団でさえも「スプリングスティーン・クラシック」で演奏した[2]。, いくつかのユニークなカバーバージョンが存在している。ジャズベーシスト、スタンリー・クラークは1985年の『Find Out!』で録音した。オール・ミュージック・ガイドはこのバージョンを「白人のアリーナ・ロックの黒人によるパロディで、クラークのラップのスタイルでスプリングスティーンの苦い歌詞を打ち取った」と評している[3]。エリック・リグラーはバグパイプによる演奏で、2001年以降のさまざまなスプリングスティーンのトリビュート・アルバムに登場した[4]。スウェーデン系アルゼンチン人のシンガーソングライター、ホセ・ゴンザレスは、曲のタイトルのリフレインを歌わないソロのアコースティックのバージョンで演奏した。2006年の春には、シンガーソングライターのリチャード・シンデルがコンサートでこの曲をカバーし、ブズーキの独奏で演奏した。彼は次回のアルバムにこの曲を入れる計画を発表した[5] By season 20, research had shown that children were able to follow a story, and the street scenes, while still interspersed with other segments, became evolving storylines. It was also the first time a show's educational effects were formally studied. Sesame Street: All Star 25th Birthday: Stars and Street Forever! Sesame Street is an American educational children's television series that combines live action, sketch comedy, animation and puppetry. The writers were present during the show's taping, which for the first twenty-four years of the show took place in Manhattan, and after 1992, at the Kaufman Astoria Studios in Queens to make last-minute revisions when necessary. (February 9, 1970). [104] Shortly after Sesame Street debuted in the United States, the CTW was approached independently by producers from several countries to produce versions of the show at home. [51] Gerald S. Lesser, the CTW's first advisory board chair, went even further, saying that the effective use of television as an educational tool needed to capture, focus, and sustain children's attention. It was performed by Bruce Stringbean, Clarice, and the S Street Band. The Sam Plenty Cavalcade of Action Show Plus Singing! [136] According to Morrow, despite the CTW Model's effectiveness in creating a popular show, commercial television "made only a limited effort to emulate CTW's methods", and did not use a curriculum or evaluate what children learned from them. 5.0 out of 5 stars Typically inventive Sesame Street production Reviewed in the United States on June 22, 2000 Writer/producer Christopher Cerf (son of humorist Bennett Cerf) put together this album full of humorous and educational songs. [75] The CTW conducted research in two ways: in-house formative research that informed and improved production,[76] and independent summative evaluations, conducted by the Educational Testing Service (ETS) during the show's first two seasons, which measured its educational effectiveness. They also criticized choosing to air first-run episodes on HBO, a network with adult dramas and comedies. [162] As of 2018, Sesame Street has received 189 Emmy Awards, more than any other television series. Many of the songs featured obscure or one-shot Sesame Street characters which were parodies of popular classic rock bands. Bill Sherman was born in 1981 in the USA. 「Bruce Stringbean and the S. Street Band」と名付けられたセサミ・ストリートのキャラクターのグループは、アルバム『Born to Add』の中で「Barn in the U.S.A.」を演奏した [2]。 [44] When the CTW tested the appeal of the new show, they found that although children paid attention to the shows during the Muppet segments, their interest was lost during the "Street" segments. "Mississippi Agency Votes for a TV Ban on 'Sesame Street'". According to Edward Palmer and his colleague Shalom M. Fisch, these studies were responsible for securing funding for the show over the next several years. [126], The show's ratings significantly decreased in the early 1990s, due to changes in children's viewing habits and in the television marketplace. [85][86][87][note 4], Early in their history Sesame Street and the CTW began to look for alternative funding sources and turned to creating products and writing licensing agreements. [128] In 2008, it was estimated that 77 million Americans had watched the series as children. Instead, Cooney and the producers felt that it would be easier to teach writers how to interpret curriculum than to teach educators how to write comedy. Released in 1993. The actors who received the "most enthusiastic thumbs up" were cast. When Sesame Street first came on air, America was in the process of educational reform as means to solve inequality. By 2006, there were independently produced versions, or "co-productions", of Sesame Street broadcast in twenty countries. See more ideas about Sesame street, Muppets, Sesame street the count. "Barn in the USA" is a Sesame Street song that spoofs Bruce Springsteen's song "Born in the USA." [32] In later seasons, Sesame Street addressed real-life disasters such as the September 11 terrorist attacks and Hurricane Katrina. It is produced by Sesame Workshop (known as the Children's Television Workshop (CTW) until June 2000) and was created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett.. The Sesame Street character Bruce Stringbean sings several spoofs of Springsteen's songs, including " Barn in the USA " and " Born to Add ". [26] Initial responses to the show included adulatory reviews, some controversy,[21] and high ratings. Sesame Street‘s 46th season will be a season of major changes for Big Bird and Friends as they move to their new network home of HBO. The history of Sesame Street has reflected changing attitudes to developmental psychology, early childhood education, and cultural diversity.. xi–xiv. Morrow reported that the Muppets were effective teaching tools because children easily recognized them, they were stereotypical and predictable, and they appealed to adults and older siblings. By 1971, the CTW hired Hispanic actors, production staff, and researchers, and by the mid-1970s, Morrow reported that "the show included Chicano and Puerto Rican cast members, films about Mexican holidays and foods, and cartoons that taught Spanish words". [102] By 2019, there were 180 albums of Sesame Street music produced, and its songwriters had received 11 Grammys. Her appointment was called "one of the most important television developments of the decade". From the first season, they understood that the source of their funding, which they considered "seed" money, would need to be replaced. Springsteen's song " Dancing in the Dark " was turned into a music video spoof in episode 211 of Muppets Tonight. Most of the first season was filmed at a studio near. Actor | Sesame Street Martin P. Robinson was born on March 9, 1954 in Dearborn, Michigan, USA. He sang " Born to Add " in Season 11 and " Barn in the USA " in Season 23. [34] After the turn of the 21st century, Sesame Street made major structural changes. [94][note 5] By 2008, the Sesame Street Muppets accounted for between $15 million and $17 million per year in licensing and merchandising fees, split between the Sesame Workshop and The Jim Henson Company. [161] in 2013, TV Guide ranked the show number 30 on its list of the 60 best TV series. Bruce Stringbean is a respective Sesame Street spoof of Bruce Springsteen. [50], Author Malcolm Gladwell said that "Sesame Street was built around a single, breakthrough insight: that if you can hold the attention of children, you can educate them". [122], When Sesame Street premiered in 1969, it aired on only 67.6% of American televisions, but it earned a 3.3 Nielsen rating, which totaled 1.9 million households.